Valentine’s Day (named after an early Christian martyr) is observed every February 14. A tradition dating back to the third century, the holiday is now celebrated by showing love, affection and appreciation for others with gifts (usually candy or flowers) or cards. According to Roman legend, during the third century a Christian man known as Valentinus was imprisoned for his Christian beliefs and sentenced to death. While jailed, it is said that Valentinus restored the sight of his jailer’s blind daughter. The night before he died, Valentinus wrote a farewell note to the girl, which he signed, “From Your Valentine.” His sentence was carried out the next day, February 14, 269 A.D. Around 498 A.D., Pope Gelasius declared February 14 as St. Valentine’s Day to honor the martyr Valentinus.
Happy Valentine’s Day from the friendly staff here at College Copy Shop!
College Copy Shop Presents:
Christmas Card Beginnings.
People have been sending Christmas cards since 1843 when John Callcott Horsley illustrated the first collection. Two batches totaling 2,050 cards were printed in London and sold that year for a shilling a piece. In 1875 Louis Prang became the first printer to offer cards in America.
Early English cards rarely showed winter or religious themes, instead favoring flowers, fairies and other fanciful designs to remind you of spring. The designs continually evolved with changing tastes. The World Wars brought cards with patriotic themes. Quirky illustrated studio cards with sometimes risque humor caught on in the 1950s. Currently there are a wide range of preferences. Nostalgic, sentimental, and religious images continue in popularity, and reproductions of Victorian and Edwardian cards are easy to obtain if you’re feeling a bit historic.
In 1974 the Alberta Government declared the first Monday of August an annual holiday to recognize and celebrate the varied cultural heritage of Albertans.
That year and again in 1975, a multicultural concert was held at Fort Edmonton Park to celebrate Heritage Day. This occasion marked the early days of the Edmonton Heritage Festival, which plays an important role in promoting Alberta’s heritage.
This day is also historically linked to the abolition of slavery in the British Empire in 1834, but was chosen primarily for its timing: between Canada Day and Labour Day, one of the longest stretches on the Canadian calendar without a holiday.
It is celebrated under numerous names, most boring of which is Civic Holiday.
Happy Heritage Day from the friendly staff here at College Copy Shop!
Papyrus, the word that paper is derived from, has been around since 3,000 BC. Papyrus was used in the same way as paper is today but is made from flattening out the stem from a marsh grass in Egypt called Cyperous Papyrus. The Mayans also made a similar product for making books and the peoples of the pacific islands made something similar into clothes and ritual objects. These sheets were more like a mat and wouldn’t be classified as paper today.
Paper-making is a process where plant material is macerated until each filament is completely separate, mixed with water then screened and dried in a thin layer. This process has been traced to first century China durring the Han Dynasty (207 BC – 9 AD), and a paper made using mulberry and other fibers along with fishnets, old rags, and hemp waste. Emperor Ho-Ti’s chief eunuch Ts’ai Lun was known for his experiments in creating the process and has become revered as the patron saint of paper-making.
In the beginning paper was used for wrapping and padding and only started being used as a writing medium regularly in the 3rd century. By the 6th century paper was more common and sheets of paper were beginning to be used for toilet paper. Shortly after that paper was known to be folded and sewn into square bags to preserve the flavor of tea. The Song Dynasty in China (AD 960–1279) was the first government to issue paper currency.
The introduction of water-powered paper mills in 1282, allowed for a massive expansion of production and replaced the previously laborious handcraft. Paper-making centers began to multiply in the late 13th reducing the price of paper to one sixth of parchment and then falling further, allowing for paper to evolve into what we know today.